Japan will decide this week whether to uphold, amend or strike out the controversial law which dates back to the 19th century.  The law was intended to eliminate issues relating to paternity of children born following the end of a marriage and to which family they should be registered.  Many argue that this law is now outdated and overly paternalistic.  Women should be free to marry immediately following divorce as in the majority of other countries.  The law ensures that women effectively remain under the control of their ex-husband, even after divorce and many children are left in a state of limbo as they cannot be registered to their new family and, as such cannot apply for a permanent job or receive social welfare.